Selective invoice financing, single invoice financing or spot factoring is a flexible financing solution that allows businesses to sell individual invoices to a financial institution, usually a factoring company, in return for cash. Instead of committing to an ongoing, long-term factoring arrangement, this technique gives businesses greater control over their cash flow by allowing them to pick which individual invoices to factor in. Here’s how it usually works with selective invoice financing:
How does selective invoice financing work?
- Step 1: Invoice Selection: During the first stage, the company identifies which bills it plans to fund. The company’s current cash requirements determine the decision between a single invoice and a cluster of invoices.
- Step 2: Invoice Submission: Once the chosen invoices are selected, the business submits them to the selected financial institution (the factor). The element will assess the quality of the invoices, which includes evaluating the creditworthiness of the customer (the debtor) who is responsible for paying the invoice.
- Step 3: Approval and Advance: The factor reviews the invoices and decides whether to approve them for financing. If approved, the factor typically advances a significant portion of the invoice’s value to the business, often ranging from 80% to 95%. This provides immediate working capital, which can be crucial for covering operational expenses, taking on new projects, or addressing cash flow gaps.
- Step 4: Collection of Payment: The factor collects payment from the customer or debtor. This relieves the business of chasing payment and managing the accounts receivable.
- Step 5: Remaining Payment: After the factor successfully collects the full payment from the customer, they deduct their charges and the advanced amount. The remaining balance is then remitted to the business. The fees for selective invoice financing typically include a discount fee or a service fee based on the invoice amount and the financing duration.
- Step 6: Repayment: The business repays the factor by transferring the remaining funds they receive after their fees are deducted to the factor’s account. This completes the financing process for the selected invoice.
Critical Benefits of Selective Invoice Financing:
- Flexibility: Businesses can choose which invoices to factor based on their immediate cash flow needs. Long-term commitments do not bind them.
- Quick Access to Cash: Selective invoice financing provides rapid access to capital, often within days, which can be essential for seizing business opportunities or addressing financial emergencies.
- Improved Cash Flow: It can help businesses maintain steady cash flow and avoid waiting for customers to settle their invoices on their terms.
- Risk Mitigation: The factor assesses the debtor’s creditworthiness, reducing the risk of non-payment or bad debts.
- Outsourced Collections: The factor handles the collection process, saving the business time and resources.
- No Collateral Required: Selective invoice financing is typically unsecured, meaning businesses do not need to provide collateral.
In summary, selective invoice financing provides a versatile and accessible way for businesses to manage their cash flow by selectively factoring specific invoices as needed. This financing option empowers businesses to maintain control over their finances and access capital quickly, ultimately supporting their growth and operational needs.